Let’s Talk About ‘Closure’

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Let’s talk about “closure,” that thing we search for but never fully find after someone dies. We really hope to find it, and the need for it is deeply felt. We go to the funeral and put up the grave marker to find it. We clean out the room, give away some of the clothes, perhaps even take off the ring for a while. Reporters ask grieving people about whether or not they’ve found it, and if not, what needs to be done to allow it to be found.

How did we learn that “closure” was the goal? It seems such a questionable term. Closure suggests a certain finality, a once-and-done quality. Closing the door, never to open it again. Closing the book because the story is finished. Leaving the source of loss and pain in the past because that’s where it belongs and where it shall stay. When we get closure, we are free to live into the future unburdened and liberated, never again to feel haunted, sad or distressed. Closure locks all that away and throws away the key. Closure is great. Closure is the bomb.

Closure is one big lie.

Life just doesn’t work that way, and grief, being an integral part of life, doesn’t work that way either. We don’t close the door forever, the story doesn’t end, and as much as we might desire it, the loss and all that came with it will not stay locked in the past. When death comes, we are marked by the loss, branded by pain, and impacted by a life to which we will ever be tethered.

The term “closure” misleads more than helps, but it’s tempting to use because it suggests something that is real. In a sense, we do find bits and pieces of closure, “closure-light.” We are able to close the door for a while, or at least partway. We don’t close the book, but we can turn the page and begin a new chapter. We can put memories away for a time, but the lock is broken and the memories will visit us again.

The metaphor of a book for our grieving is particularly compelling, but not because we can close it and end the story. We find ways to turn a page or begin a new chapter, and when we do, new things happen and the story changes. We know that in any story worth its salt—and our lives are certainly that—whatever happens earlier in the story continues to shape the story as it develops and evolves.

Even if an event happens in the first pages of the book, it will still be around to influence the later chapters. The elements in the stories of our lives are interconnected and can’t be deleted, bound together from prologue to epilogue. And yet there is an openness that happens when we are able to turn pages and begin new chapters. The story is impacted but not trapped by what came before. Finding ways to turn pages and start new chapters is a real and good thing, but we know that it’s not really closure, at least as it’s been sold to us.

Like so many other good ideas in life, the idea of closure has value but the marketing is deceptive. Closure as finality and end-of-story is a false promise, a fantasy which distorts and disappoints. Won’t happen because it can’t happen.

But if we peel back the layers of the hype and over-promising, there is something worthwhile in the concept of closure. There are things we do which bring greater acceptance, which allow us to put down at least a little of the burden we’ve been carrying and which open up future possibilities.

Closure is not the right word for this, but it does suggest a true and important thing: There are things we can do that take us, or at least allow us, to go toward a more healing and healed place. Just don’t call it “closure,” a word that deserves to be lost, mourned and left behind.

Greg Adams

Program Coordinator

Center for Good Mourning

Arkansas Children’s Hospital

goodmourning@archildrens.org

 

Greg Adams

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Greg Adams is a social worker at Arkansas Children's Hospital (ACH) where he coordinates the Center for Good Mourning, a grief support and outreach program, and works with bereavement support for staff who are exposed to suffering and loss. His past experience at ACH includes ten years in pediatric oncology and 9 years in pediatric palliative care. He has written for and edited The Mourning News, an electronic grief/loss newsletter, since its beginning in 2004. Greg is also an adjunct professor in the University of Arkansas-Little Rock Graduate School of Social Work where he teaches a grief/loss elective and students are told that while the class is elective, grief and loss are not. In 1985, Greg graduated from Baylor University majoring in social work and religion, and he earned a Masters in Social Work from the University of Missouri in 1986. One answer to the question of how he got into the work of grief and death education is that his father was an educator and his mother grew up in the residence part of a funeral home where her father was a funeral director. After growing up in a couple small towns in Missouri south of St. Louis, Greg has lived in Little Rock since 1987. He married a Little Rock native in 1986 and his wife is an early childhood special educator and consultant. Together they have two young adult children—a son in college and a daughter working in-between college and graduate school. Along with his experience in the hospital with death and dying and with working with grieving people of all ages, personal experiences with death and loss have been very impacting and influential. In 1988, Greg’s father-in-law died of an unexpected suicide. In 1996, Greg and his wife lost a child in mid-pregnancy to anencephaly (no brain developed). Greg’s mother died on hospice with cancer in 2008 and his father died after the family decided to stop the ventilator after a devastating episode of sepsis and pneumonia in 2015. Greg has a variety of interests and activities—including slow running, reading, sports, public education, religion, politics, and diversity issues—and is active in his church and community. He is honored to have the opportunity to be a contributor for Open to Hope.

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